The largemouth bass is a member of the sunfish family and the genus of this species is known as the black bass. Originally, the largemouth bass was confined primarily to the eastern United States of America and parts of northern Mexico and southern Canada. Now though, this popular species can be found in every state in the United States, all through Mexico and Central America, plus many other countries throughout the world.
Bass will start to spawn when they are around one year old. The male will build a nest out of debris from the bottom, such as roots and twigs. Once the nest is built, the male will swim around the area, looking for a female to breed with. Once one is found, both fish will swim around the nest rotating their bodies until they meet, meaning that once the eggs and sperm are released, they will come into contact with each other on the way down to the nest, producing fertilised eggs. The male then guards the nest until the fry are free swimming, which is around two weeks after they hatch.
Once the fish are free swimming, they will start feeding on tiny food items such as zooplankton and insect larvae.
When they hit the two inch mark, the predator instincts start to kick in. At this size, they will start to consume a variety of foods, including small baitfish, shrimps, insects and snails. As the fish increase in size, so does their diet. Larger fish, such as bluegill, shad, perch and minnows are now on the menu, as are frogs, crayfish and even small water foul.
On average, bass will live up to sixteen years of age and can grow to over twenty pounds in weight, although fish of this size are very rare. A trophy fish of around the ten pounds mark will be between five and seven years of age, although this will vary depending on the water conditions and the available food source.